How can land flow be difficult to flow smoothly?

[China Agricultural Machinery Industry News] Land transfer can effectively improve the efficiency of land resource allocation, further activate the transfer of agricultural surplus labor, and provide a broad space for agricultural scale, intensification and management. On the other hand, constructing and standardizing the circulation mechanism of rural collective construction land can enable farmers to participate more fully in sharing the results of urbanization and industrialization, to demonstrate the value of collective land assets, and to promote farmers to obtain property income.
How can land flow be difficult to flow smoothly?
Three major concerns about land transfer to farmers
A public opinion survey on the current situation of land transfer in Shaanxi Province shows that among the farmers who are unwilling to transfer the land, there are three main factors that influence their decision-making:
The primary factor is price and income. 63.65% of the farmers are reluctant to flow because they feel that the price of circulation is too low.
The second major factor is the consideration of career choice and social security. 43.7% of farmers believe that they have no other way of making a living except farming.
The third important factor is the lack of smooth flow of information. Among all the farmers who have conducted land transfer transactions, 49.43% obtained information on transfer through acquaintances, and 35.23% through village leadership organizations. The lack of information platforms and land markets has made the choice of farmers' turnover transactions too restrictive.
Why is the price of rural land so low?
Compared with the fierce “land tide” of the city, the rural land market is particularly depressed. There are many reasons for this: First, the fact that rural land cannot be changed in use is a congenital limitation. Agricultural land can only be used for agriculture; secondly, the return rate of small-scale farming is low, and the profit of agricultural production and management is limited; once again, the rural land market The value has not yet been fully tapped, the work of land rights is still in progress, and the mortgage of management rights is just beginning. The prosperity of the rural land market still has a long way to go.
How can we change the situation of low rural land prices and tap the potential value of rural land? Adherence to the agricultural use of rural land is a basic principle that cannot be changed. Therefore, to enhance the value of rural land, it is necessary to realize the value-added of land based on the original value of the land through the development of agriculture.
At present, some rural areas adopt the strategy of “company base farmers” to build brands and expand agricultural processing industries, which is a typical way to increase the added value of land through the development of agriculture. If agriculture is to be realized and needs to be scaled up, this will form a paradox. The price of land circulation will be lower, leading to the peasants who use land income as their main source of life to reluctantly circulate, and not to transfer land to talk about the development of large-scale agriculture.
Therefore, in addition to the implementation of agriculture, it is clear that there is still a need for model innovation in the rural land transfer market in order to comprehensively enhance the value of land.
Who will plant food after the land transfer?
On May 9th, the Institute of Finance of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the Postdoctoral Research Station of Tehua and the Social Science Literature Publishing House jointly released the "Blue Book of the Land Market" in Beijing, stating that the proportion of land not grown in rural areas after rural circulation is large.
Yan Liangliang, deputy researcher of the Rural Land Department of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, introduced the farmland transfer in 7 provinces of Hebei Province, Shaanxi Province, Liaoning Province, Zhejiang Province, Sichuan Province, Hubei Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2013 and 2014. The situation was investigated.
From the survey of seven provinces, at least 40% of the converted farmland is used to grow food crops. However, the situation of the transfer of cultivated land in different provinces for food crops is quite different, and the proportion of Liaoning Province is high, increasing to 55.33% in 2014.
The proportion of many places is low. In Hebei Province, only 24.14% of the converted cultivated land was used to grow food crops in 2014, less than a quarter, and showed a downward trend.
The report pointed out that due to different operating entities, the ability to undertake land rents is different, and the development of land transfer market will inevitably face the problems of “non-food” and “non-agriculturalization”. Land use should be strictly regulated, and appropriate incentives such as three subsidy policies should be used to transfer land to the main grain producers for moderate scale operations.

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