Facing the plant protection drone opportunity to master the flight control technology as the key

[China Agricultural Machinery Industry News] Agriculture has always been the lifeblood of China's national economy. The data shows that there are a total of 2.025 billion mu of cultivated land in China, accounting for about 7% of the total cultivated land area in the world. However, the current application of modern agricultural equipment is insufficient, and the rural youth labor force is seriously lacking. To this end, the state has introduced policies to vigorously promote the transformation and upgrading of agriculture marked by large-scale production, and the plant protection drones that work with “machine generation” have also begun to emerge in batches. In the public eye.
Facing the plant protection drone opportunity to master the flight control technology as the key
For farmers with low spending power, the price-economy, simple and easy-to-operate, high-efficiency plant protection drone is the real “treasure of the palm”.
Facing the opportunity: in the billion-dollar market
As early as 2014, the No. 1 Document of the Central Committee clearly put forward the major national strategic decision-making of “strengthening the construction of agricultural aviation”, and then various support policies were gradually rolled out.
According to statistics, the rate of aviation plant protection operations worldwide has reached 17%. Sixty-five percent of the chemical pesticides in the United States are sprayed by aircraft operations, of which 100% of rice is applied by aircraft. In the Asian market with complex farmland terrain, Japan is a mature Case of plant protection drones, and the proportion of aviation operations has reached more than 50%. Among China's 2 billion mu of cultivated land, the proportion of aviation plant protection is only 1.65%. With the increase of land transfer rate and the popularity of plant protection drones, this proportion will gradually increase, and the plant protection market will eventually reach the scale of 100 billion.
With the maturity of small sensor technology, in the agricultural field, the conditions for the large-scale use of civilian drones have matured. At present, China's land transfer rate has reached 30%, and large-scale fields must rely on mechanized farming. In the whole cycle of crop growth, only the spraying process is dominated by manpower, the operation efficiency is low, the spraying effect is poor, and pesticide poisoning often occurs. Most of the people who still stay in the countryside are not willing to go to the field to spray medicine, especially the rice fields, water snakes and grasshoppers. When it comes to rice field spraying, it is still an unpleasant memory of many farmers. The use of plant protection drones can solve this series of problems, because the drone's spraying efficiency can reach 40 to 60 people per day.
Solving farmers' difficulties: flight control technology is the key
The huge market of plant protection drones has attracted a lot of social capital. For example, many traditional agricultural traders and agricultural machinery companies have keenly smelled the commercial value of plant protection drones, and began to deploy the plant protection drone industry, including not Less listed companies, such as German Aerospace, Xin'an Group, Longxin GM, Barida shares.
Although these cross-border merchants have sales channels and can assemble racks, they lack the core technical solution of flight control. The drones are just empty racks, and they can't fly, let alone self-operation. However, the flight control is the core technology of the drone, and the threshold is very high. The manufacturers that independently developed the flight control were originally rare in China.
It is reported that the drone has arisen in aerial photography, and the flight control scheme on the market is developed for aerial cameras, such as Dajiang and Zero. The plant protection drone has a wheelbase of more than 1 meter and a small load of 4 to 5 kilograms. During the spraying of pesticides, the load capacity will continue to decrease. Moreover, farm operations and aerial photography are also completely different in flight applications. The current plant protection drone manufacturers are struggling to find a suitable and stable flight control.
Locking farmers' needs: the economy
For a long time, plant protection drones have been heavily resisted in the rural promotion process. An important reason is the high price. The price of an agricultural plant protection drone varies from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands. If a general farmer needs to spray a pesticide with a drone, he will only choose a low-priced machine.
The simpler the requirements, the more difficult it is to achieve technically. The price can't be too expensive, which means using low-cost sensors. These sensors are less accurate and need to be compensated by technical optimization algorithms. According to Yuchen.com, some industrial-grade flight controls are not suitable for the agricultural sector because of the high-precision sensors. If the effect of fighting drugs is in place, it will involve more problems. On the one hand, the flight control must control the huge drones to operate safely and stably for a long time, and resist external disturbances such as high temperature, strong vibration and strong impact. These are not available in aerial flight control. On the other hand, it is easy to cause heavy spray, leak spray, multiple spray, and less spray to control the growth of crops by flying the drone. Therefore, plant protection drones should achieve automatic flight spraying.
The busy season of the summer is the time to test the performance of plant protection drones. The aircraft needs to operate in an outdoor high temperature environment for several days in a row. The dozens of models of the flying control in all parts of the country, all successfully completed the three-month agricultural busy season. Customers praised the beauty of the product is a "practical, cost-effective" plant protection drone flight control.
Technology is to serve the market, and advanced technology can enable drones to innovate more business areas. To do a good job of drones, we must have years of technical accumulation as a basis, and we must have an in-depth exploration of the industries we are targeting.
(Original title: The drone's 100 billion plant protection market drone flight control technology is the key)

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